The International Day of Families, celebrated annually on May 15th, serves as a reminder of the importance of families and the pivotal role they play in society. Families are the foundation upon which communities are built, and their wellbeing is essential for a thriving and prosperous society. This day is an opportunity to recognise the unique challenges families face and to promote policies and initiatives that support and strengthen family units.

One of the most significant ways to support families is by promoting preventative health measures, including regular screenings and check-ups. By prioritising preventative care, families can proactively address potential health concerns, reducing the risk of serious illnesses and ensuring a better quality of life for all members.

Maintaining good health should be a top priority for every family. By identifying potential health issues early on, these screenings can help prevent or mitigate the development of serious conditions, ultimately improving the overall wellbeing of each family member. In this article, we’ll explore the key health screenings recommended for different age groups and genders, emphasising the importance of staying proactive about one’s health.

Children and Adolescents

Prioritising preventative health care for children and adolescents is vital for ensuring their overall wellbeing and establishing a strong foundation for lifelong health. Regular check-ups, screenings, and assessments during these formative years enable early detection and intervention for potential issues, monitor growth and development closely, provide critical immunisations, promote oral health, and address behavioural and mental health concerns proactively.

Well child visits

Regular check-ups with a paediatrician are essential for monitoring a child’s growth, development, and overall health. These well child visits typically include physical examinations, immunisations, and discussions about nutrition, safety, and developmental milestones.

Vision and hearing screenings

Early detection of vision and hearing problems can prevent learning difficulties and ensure proper development.

Dental examinations

Good oral hygiene habits should be established early on. Regular dental check-ups can detect and prevent cavities, gum disease, and other oral health issues.


Health examinations are vital for preventative health care in adults. These comprehensive check-ups allow healthcare providers to thoroughly evaluate overall health, identify risk factors, and detect underlying conditions early. Through physical exams, lab tests, and discussions on lifestyle and family history, annual physicals enable monitoring for chronic diseases like heart disease, diabetes, and certain cancers. These visits also provide personalised guidance on maintaining a healthy lifestyle through diet, exercise, and stress management recommendations. By prioritising physical examinations, adults can take a proactive approach, potentially preventing or mitigating serious conditions and promoting overall wellbeing.

Annual physical examination

A comprehensive physical examination, including blood tests, can help identify potential health concerns and monitor existing conditions. This is particularly important for adults over the age of 40, as the risk of developing certain diseases increases with age.

Cancer screenings

Depending on age and gender, various cancer screenings are recommended, such as mammograms for breast cancer, colonoscopies for colorectal cancer, and Pap smears for cervical cancer. Early detection can significantly improve treatment outcomes.

Cardiovascular screenings

Regular blood pressure checks, cholesterol tests, and other cardiovascular screenings can help identify risk factors for heart disease and stroke, allowing for early intervention and lifestyle modifications.

Diabetes screening

Individuals with risk factors for diabetes, such as obesity, family history, or high blood pressure, should undergo regular blood sugar testing to detect and manage the condition early.

Older Adults

For older adults, health screenings play a vital role in preventing debilitating conditions and injuries. These screenings, along with cognitive and mental health evaluations, empower older adults and their healthcare providers to proactively address age-related concerns, promoting a higher quality of life and enabling older individuals to maintain their independence for as long as possible.

Bone density screening

As individuals age, the risk of osteoporosis increases, particularly for women. Bone density screenings can detect low bone mass and help prevent fractures.

Cognitive and mental health assessments

Regular evaluations of cognitive function and mental health can help identify conditions like dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, or depression, allowing for early intervention and support.

Fall risk assessment

Falls are a significant health concern for older adults. Regular assessments of balance, mobility, and environmental hazards can help prevent falls and related injuries.


Regular preventative health screenings are essential for maintaining the wellbeing of every family member. By prioritising these check-ups and following the recommended guidelines, families can take proactive steps towards identifying and addressing potential health issues before they become more serious. Remember, prevention is indeed better than cure, and investing in regular screenings can lead to a healthier, happier, and more fulfilling life for all.